Detroit, Mich. Rutkus Printing, 338 W. End Ave. 1917. First edition in Lithuanian. Original pictorial yellow wrappers, approx. 7.75 x 4.75 inches, 31,  pages. Illus. Wrappers somewhat soiled and a little stained and worn, with a small tear from the outer edge of the rear wrapper (just touching a stamped ink cancel to sales terms) and a little tear at the head of the spine; a good copy. Item #17375
Free thought from American atheist M. M. Mangasarian, who founded the rationalist Independent Religious Society in Chicago; evidently first published as Who Made the Gods? (Chicago, 1913) and here translated into Lithuanian by the publisher Rutkus. This title in English located at NYPL only on OCLC; this Lithuanian version not found on OCLC, nor is Rutkus or Rutkaus as a Detroit printer or publisher found on OCLC. With the publisher's name given in the ads on the inside front and outside rear wrappers as Rutkaus Spaustuve. (The rear wrappers in part advertise terms for agents and orators for sales.) There was by the 1920s a substantial enough Lithuanian population in Detroit for a Lithuanian church and a nearby Lithuanian Hall; that a free thought movement would trail in its wake is perhaps less remarked but of little surprise.